8 Shocking Ways That Your Gut Microbiome Affects Your Health and Nutrigenetics

Your gut is home to 1000 different species of bacteria. You have 10x more gut bacterial cells than body cells.. It is the bacteria which is stored in your gut, the same bacteria which is used to process the food that you eat. Here are shocking 8 ways in which your overall health is affected by the health of your gut’s microbiome.

  1. Your Mental State Will Suffer

A study in mice which are born without any gut bacteria have shown significantly altered brain activity patterns. Your gut microbiome affects your central nervous system, so the health of your current state of mind is very much related to your gut microbiome’s health. Research has established a link between depression and stress to your gut microbiome. Your gut and your brain communicate with each other through a process called the “gut-brain axis.” Your gut sends signals to your brain, and activates pathways which are crucial to the healthy functioning of your brain.

2. Your Blood Pressure Will Increase

When your gut microbiome suffers, your blood pressure can increase as well. While the exact biological mechanisms are unknown, researchers have discovered very distinct patterns in the gut microbiomes of people whom have high blood pressure and those whom don’t. We could very well be looking at a future in which blood pressure drugs target the gut microbiome.

3. You’ll Gain Weight

Obesity used to be a rare occurrence. A study in mice observed that changes in the gut microbiome can result in greater levels of weight gain. We still don’t know a whole lot about the way that our gut microbiome interacts with our bodies to cause weight gain. Because our gut microbiome is what is responsible for absorbing nutrients from the foods we eat, a poorly functioning gut microbiome won’t be able to digest your food properly.

4. Diabetes Risk Goes Up

Researchers have examined the gut microbiomes of people whom have been afflicted with diabetes. People with Type 2 diabetes have reduced levels of two types of bacteria and increased levels of another type of bacteria. (5) Obese individuals have less of a ratio betwen bacteriodetes and firmicutes bacteria. These individuals also may have less of Butyrate bacteria.

5. You’re More Likely To Get Sick

Because you are being exposed to a wider range of pathogens, you’re more likely to get sick as a result of your poor gut health. The gut microbiome is one of your body’s defenses against infectious diseases. These bacteria produce an antimicrobial product which is designed to kill off invading pathogens. An unhealthy gut bacteria means your body’s immune response to these diseases when it is compromised by an infection.

6. You’ll Constantly Be Feeling Tired

A classic case of having an imbalance in your gut bacteria is if you are constantly feeling exhausted. There is a clear link between healthy gut function and healthy brain function. It’s widely known that people with an unhealthy gut microbiome feel more tired throughout the day. Your gut sends hormones and neurotransmitters to your brain, so an unhealthy gut microbiome is unable to produce the hormones and neurotransmitters which your body needs in order to function properly.

7. You’ll Have Trouble Digesting Your Food

The entire purpose of your gut bacteria is to digest the food that you eat. Your gut bacteria are also responsible for absorbing the vitamins that you consume from your food. Obviously, if there are issues with your gut microbiome, then you will have trouble digesting food. You’ll also get less of a benefit from the food you are consuming – meaning your body won’t get all of the vitamins it needs in order to function properly.

8. Your Immune System Won’t Be Effective

Your gut microbiome is also designed to regulate your body’s immune system. A sick gut microbiome is what leads to disease. Your immune system gets a signal to start working more if your gut microbiome is sick. This is what leads to further inflammation, meaning that your gut’s immune balance goes slightly out and your gut gets sicker over time.

Your gut microbiome’s health is influenced by a wide range of different factors. Fortunately, there are many different steps which you can take in order to improve the health of your gut’s microbiome. The foods you eat, your environment, and your stress levels are what influence the health of your gut microbiome. Clearly, the health of your gut is a great indicator of your overall health. Some have gone through stool transplant surgeries because of an unhealthy gut microbiome.

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